Electrification, the road to sustainability
Today we can imagine a future that is clean, green and free from emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants in the atmosphere: a future that is powered by electricity produced from renewable energy sources.
Electricity from renewable sources is, in fact, the most efficient, sustainable and cost-effective energy vector, providing solutions to decarbonize industry, boost transport efficiency, reduce pollution and advance digitalization.
While the 1800s was the century of coal and the 1900s the century of oil, ours is on track to become the century of electricity.
The energy transition
The shift towards this scenario takes the name of the energy transition, a revolution that is now irreversible and involves all areas and actors in the energy system.
Renewable sources, which are now fully competitive from an economic perspective as well, naturally play a leading role. Established renewables like hydroelectric power and geothermal are now being joined by “new” and fast developing sources like wind power and photovoltaic, not to mention emerging technologies like marine energy, which harnesses the power of waves and the tides.
The production structure is changing, too. The old model was based on a few large centralized power plants, while today the scenario is based on numerous small facilities, often managed by the consumers themselves, who produce energy for their own use but can also feed it back onto the grid as part of a system that is now decentralized.
In terms of transmission and distribution, the energy transition is characterized by digital networks – smart grids – capable of managing new multidirectional flows and ensuring that the energy distribution system is reliable and flexible. At the other end of the system are the end uses: it is here that electricity is playing an increasingly decisive role.
Benefits for all
Environmental sustainability is the most important benefit of electrification. But the new role of the customer is also an opportunity for citizens and businesses alike to participate in energy management more actively, and is therefore a tool for social sustainability and for improving the living conditions of the whole population.
Electrification is crucial also from an economic perspective: for consumers, through savings on their bills; for suppliers, with greater efficiency and less waste; and for production on a national level, with substantial growth margins for local supply and production chains.
Above all, the fundamental benefit for society concerns health. Cities that are less polluted mean lower rates of illness.
Finally, in the long term, electrification is an essential tool for combating global warming and safeguarding the lives of future generations.
At the center of our strategy there is a precise mission: to provide Italy with energy and work every day for the sustainable development and growth of the Country.
We all remember the enthusiasm the Paris Climate Agreement generated. In December 2015, all of the leading nations on Earth made a commitment for the first time to keep the increase in temperatures to under 2°C.