Working in the green economy
The jobs required in the green sector cover a broad spectrum of training and skills that are evolving both constantly and rapidly. For example, digital skills will play an essential role: the green economy can no longer ignore the new frontiers of innovation that will range from automation and sensor technology to artificial intelligence, augmented reality and the Internet of Things, to name just a few. These are now key components both in construction and in monitoring facilities for producing clean energy (for instance, photovoltaic plants), as well as for data analysis concerning agriculture and the environment, which require input from IT experts and data scientists.
However, technological skills are by no means the only important aspect of green jobs. Another key area is economics and finance. A large number of companies will need project management consultants that are capable not only of promoting the use of green financial products (think, for example, of green bonds), but also of ensuring the most efficient use of resources, minimizing the impact on the environment. Specific legal roles will also be necessary, as will those concerning a field that is becoming increasingly central nowadays – that of food and nutrition. On this front, roles such as that of the sustainable chef, who focuses on sourcing produce and making the best possible use of it, will be very important in the future.
Another essential sector that already includes numerous green jobs is naturally that of sustainable mobility. Here too, the input from new professionals won’t be limited to the technology side, which aims to reduce emissions and design more efficient energy systems. At the same time, it will be necessary encourage the public to adopt lifestyles that are healthier and more sustainable, a goal that will also require educators and communications experts.